In 2018, the three countries formed a National Independent Research Study Group to discuss the occupation and operation of GERD. Since 2019, the United States and the World Bank have supported trilateral ministerial discussions and heads of state. A draft text was discussed, but the three riparian countries were unable to agree on the text presented in February 2020. The United States reaffirms its determination to remain in contact with the three countries until the final agreement is signed. Egypt has strongly supported efforts by Ethiopia and other nations to increase prosperity, including through various projects in the Nile basin, he said. Although Cairo has launched and conducted painstaking negotiations on the dam to reach a fair and equitable agreement, these efforts “have not been successful,” he said. Indeed, during the negotiations, Egypt faced an unjustified campaign of unfounded claims that Cairo had tried to link the parties to agreements of the “dark era of colonialism,” he said, Pointing out that any treaty on the Nile concluded with Ethiopia was signed by his government and as an independent state, including a treaty in 1902 involving the Emperor of Abyssinian that prohibits the construction of water works on the Nile that would affect the natural flow of The river.  The countries bordering the Nile are Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan (Republic), Tanzania and Uganda. Egypt, Sudan and South Sudan are downstream border countries. However, South Sudan has stated that it does not recognize the 1959 bilateral agreement between Egypt and Sudan.
The Ethiopian delegate stated that the subject had no legitimate place in the Security Council. Today`s debate will set a bad precedent and “open a Pandora`s box” because the Council should not be a forum for billing results, he said, regretting that the subject had been politicized. The three countries reached consensus on most issues, with progress within reach and mutually beneficial agreement at hand. Although the parties are unable to resolve disputes, a dispute resolution mechanism outlined in the 2015 Declaration of Principles has not yet been exhausted. The African Union can also help. Although the Council often discusses the principles of complementarity between the United Nations and regional organizations, it has stated that these approaches are now being ignored. Emphasizing the mother`s question against Article 33 of the UN Charter, which states that parties to a dispute must first resort to regional agencies or agreements, he stressed that, at the recent Meeting of the African Union, the parties had approved a process led by the African Union in a spirit of pan-African solidarity and within the framework of African solutions to African problems. That is why the Council should allow this process to take place. The representative of the United Kingdom placed great importance on a consensus between the parties on developments affecting a common natural resource. The progress and commitment of the three parties is a testament to the spirit of cooperation beyond the Nile.
However, an agreement requires compromises on the part of all parties. It is important that all parties keep in mind the key principles agreed in the Declaration of Principles, he said, adding that discussions should continue and conclude in this direction.