As the Irish Times writes, the EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, warned last week that “the precise implementation of the withdrawal agreement” was the only basis on which the bloc would accept an agreement. According to the newspaper, the Internal Market Act, due to be published on Wednesday, aims to “remove the legal force of certain parts of the withdrawal agreement” in the areas related to state aid and customs law in Northern Ireland. Senior officials from Northern Ireland`s parties, Sinn Fein and SDLP, the region`s two main Irish nationalist groups, also criticised the UK government`s plan, according to the newspaper. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was planning to develop new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Withdrawal Agreement in Northern Ireland.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement, the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.
 Irish Foreign Minister Simon Covney, who had been involved in negotiating the initial withdrawal agreement, tweeted that every effort to change it would be “a very unwise way to continue.”