Jung, K., Park, A., Lee, S. (2010). MTC (Machine Type-Communication) device grouping algorithm to avoid overloading the LTE MTC network. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 78, 167-178. Taleb, T., Kunz, A. (2012). Machine-type communication in 3GPP networks: potential, challenges and solutions. IEEE Communications Magazine, 50 (3), 178-184. Penrig, A., Song, D., Tygar, D.
(2001). ELK, a new protocol for the effective distribution of the keys of large groups. In Proceedings of the 2001 IEEE Symposium on security and privacy, 2001 (S-P 2001). IEEE (p. 247 to 262). Zhang, Y., Chen, J., Hui, L., Cao, J., Lai, C. (2014). Group authentication and key agreement for machine-type communication. International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing, 5 (2), 19-21. Xuemin (Sherman) Shen received his B.Sc. Graduated from Dalian Maritime University, China, 1982 and M.Sc.
and Ph.D. from Rutgers University, New Jersey, 1987 and 1990, all in electrical engineering. He is Professor and Scientific Director in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Waterloo. His research priorities are resource management in wireless/wired connected networks, UWB wireless communication networks, wireless network security systems, wireless zone networks, and ad hoc vehicle and sensor networks. He is co-author of three books and has published more than 400 contributions and book chapters in the areas of wireless communication and networks, control and filtering. He is Editor-in-Chief of the IEEE Network and will co-chair the Technical Program Committee for IEEE INFOCOM 2014. He is President of the IEEE ComSoc Technical Committee on Wireless Communications, P2P Communications and Networking and a voting member of the GITC. He has been Editor-in-Chief of IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications and Editor-in-Chief of IEEE JSAC, IEEE Wireless Communications and IEEE Communications Magazine. He has also served as Chair of the Technical Program Committee for GLOBECOM`07, Tutorial Chair for ICC`08 and Symposia Chair for ICC`10. In 2006, he received the Excellent Graduate Supervision Award and, in 2004, 2007 and 2010, the Outstanding Performance Award from the University of Waterloo and, in 2003, the Premier`s Research Excellence Award from the Province of Ontario, Canada. He is a registered professional engineer from Ontario, Canada, an IEEE Fellow, a Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Engineering, a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering, and was a ComSoc Distinguished Lecturer.
An example scenario is presented in the appendix. A total population of 10,000 MTCD has been envisaged, which can be divided into groups of different sizes. It is estimated that 1% of this population can generate corrupt authentication requirements, represented by; This means that there may be 100 damaged messages. The presence of a single damaged message can result in authentication errors, which can result in a new authentication request for the entire group. For a group size of probability that there are exact invalid requirements of the group follows the hypergeometric distribution, because the event represents that the revision of the entire group is necessary, then the probability is that document represents a hierarchical pattern of group authentication, HGMAKA, for machine type communication on the LTE network. The proposed HGMAKA protocol, based on a lightweight symmetrical key, introduces an architectural model using a heterogeneous network of femtocell, mobile femtocell and MTCDs hair network, in accordance with future 5G networks. The HGMAKA protocol helps reduce the total signal load of the ENBs in the access network and sub-treats them to smaller cells. It also significantly reduces the number of signal message exchanges and the size of messages exchanged using an aggregated ONLY MAC instead of a ONLY MCS for each MTCD.